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When Yazid succeeded his father, Muawiyah to the caliphate in the spring of 680, he wanted Imam Hussain (as) to pay allegiance to him, to lend credibility to his own corrupt rule. However the Imam refused to do so, based on his moral values and principles, and was killed by an army of over 30,000 whilst standing with a small number of 72.

After the Battle of Karbala, the forces of Yazid took the women and children of Imam Hussain ’s family as captive. They were paraded in chains through the streets of Kufa (Iraq) and Damascus (Syria) – where they were abused by crowds until eventually presented to Yazid and placed in prison.

Though Imam Hussain (as) has died, his movement still continued through his sister Hazrat Zeinab (as), and son Imam Zain Al-Abideen (as). Imam's sister and his son defied Yazid in his own courtyard through famous sermons which unnerved even his closest allies. Eventually, Yazid had no choice but to free the captives as word spread across the region of the crime he had committed against Imam Hussain ibn Ali (as) and his family.

It is said that the Day of Arbaeen is the day on which Imam's family returned to the land of Karbala, to properly bid farewell to the fallen heroes and finally grieve for their loved ones.

Arbaeen's performance has been banned in some periods, the last of which was when Saddam Hussain, was president of Iraq. For nearly 30 years under Saddam's regime, it was forbidden to mark Arba'een publicly in Iraq. Following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the observance in April 2003 was broadcast worldwide.

Todos los derechos reservados para la Base del movimiento mundial Mahdavi Arba'in